teaching preschoolers about money

January 16th, 2008

Teaching Preschoolers About Money

This post is part of the Money Matters For All Ages Project. See the end of the post for a list of where it has been and where it will go!

I have a preschooler (he’s 3) and a all-too-soon-to-be preschooler (she’s 1) so I think a great deal about how I can teach them from the start to be financially intelligent and to make smart choices about money. Even though it may seem early to start helping a three year old understand money concepts, they’re more aware of everything already than you might think. For us and our family, we have three main areas of understanding we’re working to help our preschooler grasp:

The concept of what money is, as far as values of coins and bills.

My son can count, so I’ve started explaining different coins to him, and how 5 pennies equal one nickel, four quarters equal a dollar, and other ideas like that. I’m working on him understanding that not all money is equal, and sometimes one of something is more valuable than 5 of something else. I really like the way Rocket Finance has been using coins with his preschoolers as well.

Money can be exchanged for things we want.

My son is old enough now that he’s started to want things he sees. He sees a toy in a brochure and he wants it. He sees an ad on TV and he wants it. We talk about what money is and that we can use money to buy these things. But i don’t just give him endless amounts of money. I do however let him make some choices with a finite amount of money, such as when we were at the zoo and he got to choose between french fries or ice cream with his $2. Lynnae at Being Frugal uses a behavior chart to help her son earn money that he can spend or save up for bigger things. I’m also starting the concept of a piggy bank with him, and teaching him about saving up for bigger items versus spending on small items.

Money is also a way to earn time.

My spouse goes to work at an 8-5 job every weekday, and my son is old enough to grasp the concept that Daddy is at work. So we talk about work and why Daddy goes there – to make money for our family so we can do things, but also to make money so he can spend Saturdays and Sundays at home with us. The concept that making money now can give us free time later is my first step in getting my children to understand that saving for later is a good thing. Eventually I will add explaining about saving for college to this.

Basically, I want my children to understand at a young age that money is something we need to take care of and use wisely, and that it isn’t the best idea to spend everything as soon as we get it. I also talk to my son about giving money away to those who need it more than us, and I will add more of that in the future (that is a concept he just doesn’t grasp quite yet). What would you (or do you) teach preschoolers about money? Leave a comment with your ideas!

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45 Responses to “Teaching Preschoolers About Money”

  1. Great post. Has your “5″ started school yet? Mine has not. I wonder if things are clearer once they get to school.

    The concept of “value” is very difficult to teach. Children are so concrete in their thought processes.

  2. Great post. As a new dad, I am soaking up all the parenting advice especially ones about money.

    “My son is old enough now that he’s started to want things he sees.” … uh oh!

  3. Hey Rocket :) I don’t have a 5 yet, I have a 3 and a 1. My 3 is actually in school – preschool, but school nonetheless. He has a speech delay so he attends a public preschool to catch him up to other kids his age, he even rides a bus. lol

    My son will still pick 5 pennies over a quarter every time. lol

  4. Very interesting – I’m still a year or two away from this stage but it’s good to learn this stuff.

    Mike

  5. Wanting the things they see is always a fun stage. It takes a long time to grow out of it. Wait, I still haven’t grown out of it! :)

    Great article, and thanks for the link!

  6. I like the idea of using coins. That will be fun to do with my little guy next year!

  7. Thanks for participating in this week’s Carnival of Family Life, hosted at Diary of 1!!

  8. Great article! I’ll be putting your coins exercises to good use with my daughter.

  9. Finance Articles Says:

    March 19th, 2008 at 3:34 am

    Indeed! Children should understand even at a young age that money is something we need to take care of and use wisely and that it isn’t the best idea to spend everything as soon as we get it. I admire you more for this line “I also talk to my son about giving money away to those who need it more than us”. You’re such a great parent as well as to others for considering the needy ones.

    -Joanne

  10. My 2.5 year old is very interested in money. He loves peanuts and he knows that they cost 2 quetzales (we live in Guatemala). He will ask for the money and if you give him the wrong coins, he gets quite upset about it! He doesn`t know exactly what each coin is worth, but he knows they won`t give him peanuts at the store if he takes in two quarters!

    We are working on the concept of saving, but it`s going slowly. My son is encouraged to do chores for his money, but to tell you the truth, his dad gives him the money while I try to have him work for it . . . so he usually just goes to ask his dad. lol.

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